top of page
  • Chris Anderson

Music Revision - Glossary S & T


SATB - Short form of Soprano, Alto, Tenor, Bass


Scalic - Another word for conjunct.


Scherzando - Play in a joking or playful manner.


Scherzo - A lively movement (usually the third) of a concerto or symphony.


Scotch Snap - A rhythm used, often but not exclusively, in Scottish dances. It’s a semiquaver followed by a dotted quaver.


Semitone - On a piano, any two notes that are immediately next to each other. On a guitar, one fret.


Septet - A group of seven players, or a piece in seven parts.


Sequence - A repeated musical phrase. The pitch (starting note) is raised or lowered each time the phrase is repeated.


Sextet - A group of six players, or a piece in six parts.


Sforzando - A sudden, strongly accented note. Abbreviated to sfz.


Sharp (#) - A symbol that tells you to raise the pitch of a note by a semitone.


Simple Time - A time signature with two, three, or four basic beats.


Slur - A long curved line that joins two or more notes of different pitches. It indicates the music should be played legato.


Sonata - A pipe of music written in three or four movements for soloist or duet.


Sonata Form - A piece of music with a specific structure: Exposition, Development, Recapitulation. Can sometimes also have an introduction before the exposition.


Soprano - The highest female singing voice.


Sospirando - Play/sing in a sighing manner.


Staccato - Play the notes in a short and detached manner. (Don’t say “stabby”)


String Quartet - A group consisting of two violins, a viola and a cello.


String Trio - A group consisting of a violin, a viola and a cello.


Strophic Form - Structure of a song (or piece of music) where the music is the same in every verse (but the lyrics change). A hymn is a good example of this.


Subject - The main idea of a piece of music.


Tempo - The speed of a piece of music.


Tenor - The highest (adult) male voice.


Tenuto (-) - Play the note for its full length. Play the note slightly longer. Play the note with a slight accent.


Ternary Form - A piece in three sections.


Tessitura - The range of a singer’s voice.


Texture - How the parts of music are woven together.


Theme - A musical idea.


Through Composed - Structure of a song where the music for each verse is different.


Tie - A curved note that joins two (or more) notes of the same pitch (on the same line or in the same space) to make a longer sounding note.


Tierce de Picarde - A term used to describe a piece of music that is written in a minor key but finishes with a major version of the chord. For example, a piece written in D minor would finish with a D major chord.


Timbre - The tonal colour of an instrument. The type of sound it makes.


Tonal - Music written in a specific key.


Tone - Two semitones. Two frets on a guitar. Two notes on a piano with exactly one note in-between them.


Tonic - The first note of a scale.


Treble - A high male voice sung by a boy…uses the soprano range.


Tremolo - A trembling effect similar to vibrato. On a stringed instrument it is achieved by move the bow backwards and forwards very quickly.


Trio - A piece for three players or singers. The second part of a Minuet and Trio


Trionfale - Triumphantly.


Triplet - Three notes played in the space of two.


Tritone - An interval of three tones.


1 view0 comments
bottom of page