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  • Chris Anderson

Music Revision - Periods - Romantic - Genres

In this blog I’ll go over some of the popular genres of the Romantic Period.


What It Is - A German art song

Accompanied by - Piano

Form - Strophic or Through-composed

Composed by - Schubert, Beethoven, Schumann, Brahms, R. Strauss.

Example - Der Erlkönig, D328 (Schubert)

Nationalistic Music

What It Is - Music inspired by folk melodies and dance rhythms of the homeland

Form - Various

Composed by - Many composers!

Brazil - Villa-Lobos

Czech Republic - Smetana, Dvorák

Finland - Sibelius

France - Franck, Massenet, Saint-Saëns

Germany - Wagner

Hungary - Bartok

Italy - Verdi

Norway - Grieg

Poland - Chopin

Russia - Borodin

Spain - Albéniz, Granados, Rodrigo

United Kingdom - Vaughan Williams

United States - MacDowell, Copland


What It Is - Similar to opera that came previously, but bigger, louder, and longer

How It Developed - Extended melodies, broader ranges of tone, pitch and tempo, sophisticated harmonies.

Composed by - Wagner, Verdi, Strauss, Rossini

Program Music

What It Is - Music telling a story through instruments

Form - Tone Poem, Symphonic Poem

Composed By - Grieg, Sibelius, Mussorgsky…

Example - Grieg’s Peer Gynt Suite

Song Cycle

What It Is - A group of songs designed to be performed in a sequence as a unit

Accompanied By - Nothing, or instruments

Composed By - Schubert, Britten, Weber


What It Is - A large instrumental work for orchestra

How It Developed - Lyrical melodies, longer motifs, more imagery. Larger orchestra. Different instrumentation.

Composed By - Beethoven, Brahms, Mendelssohn

Symphonic Poem/Tone Poem

What It Is - See program music

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